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Four-Time Olympian Steps Up to Help Educate Young People About the Dangers of Appearance and Performance Enhancing Substances

McKinney, Texas (September 17, 2018) – The Taylor Hooton Foundation announced today that four-time Olympian Katie Uhlaender has joined its ALL ME Advisory Board. The Taylor Hooton Foundation is widely acknowledged as the leader in the advocacy against appearance and performance enhancing substance use by the youth of America.

“We are honored and excited to have Katie join our ALL ME Advisory Board,” said Taylor Hooton Foundation President Donald Hooton, Jr. “It is so important that our young people have positive role models to look up to, especially when it comes to the topic of competing in sports and in life by doing things the right way and without the use of drugs. Katie is an incredible athlete who has reached the pinnacle of her sport who can inspire young people to following in her footsteps. Combine an inspiring athlete with our education campaign, and you have an effective weapon against this national epidemic.”

Uhlaender loves to ski and snowboard which was one of the reasons she began skeleton in 2003. She has competed in four Winter Olympic Games and eight World Championships!

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“As a long-time clean competitor, I’m excited to expand my commitment to training clean by joining the Taylor Hooton Foundation’s ALL ME Advisory Board,” Uhlaender said. “I believe in competing clean and representing my country with integrity. I’m excited to stand up as a positive role model of doing things the right way.”

The “ALL ME” Advisory Board was formed in 2014 with eight active Major League Baseball players and, by 2015, included at least one player from each of the 30 MLB teams.

See Katie’s THF web page here:  https://allmeleague.com/advisory-board/katie-uhlaender/ 

About The Taylor Hooton Foundation

The Taylor Hooton Foundation is a 501c3 non-profit organization that is dedicated to educating North America’s young people about the dangers of anabolic steroids and other appearance and performance enhancing substances.   The friends and family of Taylor Hooton formed the Foundation in 2004 after his untimely death at 17 years old following his use of anabolic steroids.

For more information about the Taylor Hooton Foundation and its efforts, please visit www.taylorhooton.org and www.allmeleague.com.

CONTACT:   Rick Cerrone / Rick Cerrone Communications, (914) 715-5491 / rick@rickcerrone.com

Unregulated Dietary Supplement Could Damage Your Heart


New research suggests many “natural” weight loss and athletic supplements aren’t worth the risk, including higenamine, which is actually banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency

Ten years ago, Dr. Pieter Cohen noticed some of his patients were becoming ill because of the weight loss pills they were taking.

Cohen, an internist and associate professor of medicine at Harvard University, had some of those supplements tested and found that some of the pills and powders contained substances his patients didn’t even know were in there. Essentially, they contained drugs like ephedra, a natural stimulant promoted for weight loss that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has since been banned for use in supplements.

Ephedra, like many other stimulants, is falsely promoted as being safer because it’s “natural” — i.e., it’s a substance that comes from plants.

“It is found in nature,” Cohen said. But just because something occurs naturally doesn’t mean it’s always good for us.

Most recently, Cohen has turned his sights on yet another plant-based stimulant: higenamine. Found in plants like the Sichuan aconite and nandina fruit, higenamine is a beta-2 agonist, which allows the smooth muscles in the lungs to absorb more oxygen. These stimulant qualities may pose a risk to the heart.


Because of how it works in the body, higenamine is marketed — also under the names norcoclaurine or demethylcoclaurine — as a supplement to help a person lose weight or increase their athletic performance. But, among the problems some athletes are finding, it’s been on the World Anti-Doping Agency’s list of banned substances since the beginning of 2017.

 Despite this, it remains available over the counter in a variety of preparations in the United States.

One problem is that higenamine is still in supplements promoted to athletes, and new research suggests that in the largely unregulated supplement market, it’s often hard to tell exactly how much of it is actually in those pills and powders.

Between 0 and 200 percent

In a study published in the journal Clinical Toxicology, Cohen and other researchers discovered vastly different levels of higenamine in different dietary supplements, from barely detectable levels to 200 percent of the listed quantity.

In their study, Cohen and his team analyzed 24 dietary supplements that were for sale in the United States before higenamine was banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency in 2007.

The samples were processed at the NSF International — an independent lab based in Ann Arbor, Michigan, that also tests for the dietary supplement manufacturers — and the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment in the Netherlands.

Some of the products tested were sold under the brand names Adrenal Pump, Burn-HC, Diablo, Gnar Pump, HyperMax, iBurn2, OxyShred, and Uplift and were labeled as a pre-workout, weight loss, or energy and focus aid. Two brands didn’t list a labeled indication.

 Of products sampled, the levels of higenamine in the supplements varied greatly. Five listed higenamine but didn’t contain any, while one, Razor8, contained up to 62 milligrams in one serving.

“No matter how carefully you read the label, you have no idea how much you’re taking,” Cohen told Healthline. “There’s so much leeway into what can go into supplements.”

 Cohen is quick to note that no clinical trials on higenamine have been conducted in the United States, and the only research that has had the same kind of scrutiny as a pharmaceutical drug has occurred in China. The doses administered were 2.5 milligrams, and those involved directly injecting higenamine.

“Two studies, both funded by a supplement manufacturer, purport to demonstrate the safety of orally ministered higenamine, but neither provides clinically relevant information,” the study states of the available research.

So, medical professionals aren’t sure how the drug responds when it’s ingested, as it’s the most common way people take it.

Higenamine can still legally to be sold in over-the-counter supplements because it was “grandfathered in” due to being a “botanical remedy” when the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994, which exempts it from new safety testing standards, took effect.


Risky for competitive athletes

While over-the-over supplements can still contain higenamine, it’s a banned substance for competitive athletes in sports with strict anti-doping standards.

Higenamine isn’t Lance Armstrong-level doping, but the people getting caught with higenamine have to pay a real price. In 2016, before it was on the anti-doping banned list, a Liverpool soccer player tested positive for it and was temporarily suspended. (It was banned by some leagues, but not yet worldwide.)

In the United States, athletes caught using higenamine involved moms, weekend warriors, and others chasing a “natural” edge. While a few have received warnings, some have been banned from competition for two years.

According to the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency, five people have been sanctioned for having higenamine in their system while competing. The majority of those cases involved amateur female weightlifters who had no other banned substances in their blood or urine samples.

Because of the dangers it poses to the careers of competitive athletes at all levels, as well as the lack of scientific research and varying doses found in supplements for sale in the United States, Cohen says higenamine and other substances in some supplements marketed as “natural” dietary aids come with many unknown risks.

“Consumers shouldn’t turn to supplements and think they’re safer than pharmaceuticals,” he said.


Nats promote healthy decisions to youngsters at Nationals Park

Aug. 22nd, 2018
WASHINGTON — The children at Nationals Park on Wednesday afternoon were supposed to gather in right field for a group photo at the end of the PLAY event, but many of them instead converged around Anthony Rendon, hugging and chatting with the Nationals third baseman.

“We got to take a group photo,” Rendon shouted.

View Full Game CoverageAfter a few moments, the kids assembled for the picture, then formed a long line to obtain Rendon’s autograph.

Rendon, Erick Fedde and Nationals trainers spent time with children for two hours Wednesday, when the Nationals hosted a Promoting a Lifetime of Activity for Youth (PLAY) Campaign event. PLAY’s mission is to raise awareness for children’s health issues, the obesity epidemic and disability inclusion in the United States.

“It’s more out here getting them to run around for a little bit, try to get their minds off whatever they got going on and let them enjoy the last couple days of summer,” Rendon said. “I know a couple of the kids were like, ‘I go back tomorrow, so I got to leave early!’ … It’s good just to hang out with them, though. See them smile.”

PLAY, which started in 2004, has conducted more than 300 events throughout every Major League ballpark, reaching kids with messages about healthy decisions. The PLAY campaign linked with the Ruderman Family Foundation, MLB Charities, the Taylor Hooton Foundation and the Henry Schein Cares Foundation for Wednesday’s affair.

In 2014, the PLAY Campaign became the first program in professional sports to include children with disabilities. Youngsters from the National Down Syndrome Society took part Wednesday.

The Nationals traded two of their best offensive players Tuesday and finished their win over the Phillies after midnight because of a one-hour, 42-minute rain delay. Nationals director of athletic training Paul Lessard said seeing the energy and joy the children with Down syndrome brought improved his attitude.

“The guys just really smile and they’re like, ‘OK, let’s do it,'” Lessard said. “They’re out here hustling, working their butts off. They bring smiles to our face, because they see us enjoying them as well.”

About 100 kids rotated between five stations, which included catching fly balls, hitting a ball off a tee with one’s hands, running through an agility ladder, throwing a bullpen session and learning about injury prevention.

Rendon threw fly balls to the participants while Fedde gave them tips in the bullpen on how to revamp their throws.

When the event ended, Rendon and Fedde remained on the field for about 10 minutes signing autographs.

“Growing up, any time anybody with some talent level above me was willing to work with me, it meant the world,” Fedde said. “I’d come home screaming to mom and dad about how awesome it was. I’m glad I can give back.”


Golden Knights defenseman suspended 20 games for violating NHL’s PED policy

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Vegas Golden Knights defenseman Nate Schmidt has been suspended 20 games for violating the NHL’s performance-enhancing drug policy, the league announced Sunday.

After being selected in the expansion draft last June by the Golden Knights from the Washington Capitals, Schmidt quickly became Vegas’ top defenseman during its run to the Stanley Cup Final. 

Schmidt said issuing a statement on this was “surreal” and said he has “only used supplements provided by my NHL team and I have always been extremely careful about what I put in my body.

“It was utterly shocking to be informed that I tested positive for a microscopic amount of a tainted substance. Not only did I not intentionally take a banned substance, I could not have received any performance enhancement benefit from the trace amount that inadvertently got into my system at a level that was far too small to have any effect. This low amount was consistent with environmental contamination that I could not possibly have prevented.”

Schmidt said he was tested twice last season, among “numerous” other times, and that he has never tested positive.

He is able to participate in training camp but not play in the preseason. Schmidt is eligible to return Nov. 18 at the Edmonton Oilers.

National PLAY Campaign stops at Citizens Bank Park

Shawn Fcasnni - Phillies Athletic Trainer

PHILADELPHIA — The Phillies’ training staff on Tuesday afternoon hosted more than 60 local youth athletes and children with disabilities for the PLAY (Promoting a Lifetime of Activity for Youth) Campaign’s annual stop at Citizens Bank Park.

Despite sweltering heat, the children on hand rotated through four stations for a little more than an hour. Two of the stations, situated in the outfield grass, had the children play Wiffle ball and navigate an obstacle course run by the Phillies’ strength and conditioning staff. The other two stations, located in the ballpark dugouts, taught kids the importance of nutrition and personal hygiene.

“I don’t know if you can deliver that message enough times for this age group,” said Phillies assistant athletic trainer Shawn Fcasni. “It’s important to hear about some of these topics.”

The Professional Baseball Athletic Trainers Society (PBATS) created the PLAY campaign in 2004 to raise awareness of children’s health issues and obesity in the United States. This marked the second year in which PBATS has worked with the Ruderman Family Foundation — which advocates for the full inclusion of people with disabilities — and the National Down Syndrome Society to enhance the PLAY Campaign.

Other organizations that have supported more than 300 PLAY Campaign events at all 30 MLB ballparks include Major League Baseball Charities, the Taylor Hooton Foundation — an organization focused on educating youth about the dangers of anabolic steroids and other appearance and performance-enhancing substances — and the Henry Schein Cares Foundation, which works to foster, support and promote dental, medical and animal health by helping to increase access to care in communities around the world.

“It’s important to emphasize the need to get up and move a little bit,” Fcasni said. “You combine that with some of the nutrition principles that they learned about during the talks — there are ways to give yourself a healthy lifestyle for the long haul.”

Fcasni is in his 16th year with the Phillies’ organization, and this was his seventh time assisting the PLAY campaign. Every year, he said, there’s always something about the group of kids participating that makes it a special experience.

“It’s always different,” Fcasni said. “It’s always fun. The kids all enjoy it. They’re always smiling and having a good time, getting a chance to run around on the field where all their favorite players are playing every night.”

Joe Bloss is a reporter for MLB.com


O’s host youth for PLAY Campaign clinic with THF

BALTIMORE — Long before the Orioles took the field on Tuesday night, there was something special happening at Camden Yards. The O’s hosted youth from the Y in Central Maryland for the annual PLAY Campaign clinic that promotes the importance of children living a healthy lifestyle and disability inclusion.

Orioles outfielder Trey Mancini, along with head athletic trainer Brian Ebel and members of the O’s training staff were on hand to help with the clinic, which included children from the National Down Syndrome Society. PLAY (Promoting a Lifetime of Activity for Youth) events run approximately two hours with participants divided into groups and rotated through a series of stations. These stations touch on everything from healthy eating, injury prevention, strength and conditioning and education about the dangers of illegal performance- and appearance-enhancing drugs.


Earlier today, we welcomed youth from @YCentralMD for the annual P.L.A.Y. Campaign Clinic through @PBATS, in conjunction with the @TheTHF, with Head Athletic trainer, Brian Ebel, members of the O’s training staff, and @TreyMancini.


In 2014, the PLAY Campaign became the first program in professional sports to include children with disabilities. It is funded with help from the Ruderman Family Foundation, Major League Baseball charities, the Taylor Hooton Foundation and the Henry Schein Cares Foundation.

Mancini is also the club’s Taylor Hooton Foundation  representative, which helps educate youth about the dangers of performance-enhancing drugs.

“They told me what the organization is all about and how it’s an outlet for people to be drug free, so definitely something I was very interested in doing and something I believe in,” Mancini said.

“Got big shoes to fill because [J.J. Hardy] was our rep before. So got to do him proud.”


McGriff Elected to Taylor Hooton Foundation Board of Directors

 MLB.com @alysonfooter
Aug. 8th, 2018
About a year ago, Donald Hooton Jr. made a mental checklist — a wish list, really — of former Major League Baseball players he might want to join the Taylor Hooton Foundation’s board of directors.

On the list was Fred McGriff, a five-time All-Star, a two-time home run champion and a major contributor to the mid-1990s Braves team that created a division-winning dynasty and, in 1995, won the World Series.

“We were looking for someone who played the game the right way to be part of our board of directors,” said Hooton, the president of the foundation. “Someone to give us guidance, someone that was an inspiration to our game.”

McGriff seemed like a perfect target. Not only did he put together a sterling resume during his 19-year career with 493 home runs and 1,550 RBIs, but he also was known within baseball circles, and nationally, as a prime example of a Hall of Fame-caliber who was never connected to performance-enhancing drugs.

The pairing did indeed come to fruition. Recently, the Taylor Hooton Foundation — a nonprofit organization dedicated to educating young people about the dangers of anabolic steroids and other appearance- and performance-enhancing substances — announced that McGriff has joined its board of directors.

“If you can help a few kids, that’s the whole thing — trying to help and educate the younger generation,” McGriff said. “That’s how it all started. I decided to come on the board, being part of it, help spread the word.”

McGriff hopes to influence not only kids, but also their parents, who are often as culpable when poor decisions lead to PED use. McGriff would like the education process to be all-inclusive.

“Kids can hear the word and their parents can hear the word, but some parents are on a mission,” he said. “They can say, ‘Yea, I hear you, but I’m looking for a payday.’

“Hopefully they can keep pushing along and educate the parents. It’s not just baseball. It’s volleyball, basketball, all different sports. Everybody wants to get bigger and stronger. But with a little hard work, you can be a talented player without steroids.”

The foundation was founded in 2004 by friends and family of Taylor Hooton after his untimely death at 17 following his use of anabolic steroids.

Donald Hooton’s first contact with McGriff, coincidentally, was initiated somewhat unwittingly by McGriff. While Hooton pondered the best method to get a hold of McGriff to gauge his interest in joining the board, an email popped up on the foundation’s website.

It was from McGriff.

He was interested in obtaining an “All Me” T-shirt after seeing photos of other ballplayers wearing them. The “All Me” League is an offshoot of the foundation, aimed to showcase the support of professional athletes and teams to eradicate PED use.

After some back and forth (Hooton sent McGriff a T-shirt; McGriff sent photos of him wearing the T-shirt), Hooton asked McGriff if he had any interest in joining the foundation’s board of directors. The two met for lunch in Tampa, Fla., where McGriff lives, and a partnership was formed.

“I was really excited to have a chance to talk with him,” Hooton said. “Just in the first couple minutes sitting down and having lunch, you could tell he was a guy that this topic meant a great deal to him. And it’s something he’s passionate about — to be able to inspire young kids how to play the game the right way, that they can make it to the pinnacle of the sport without drugs, just like he did.”

In addition to a board of directors made up of athletic trainers, sports nutritionists, dieticians, child health advocates and pro sports executives, dozens of current Major Leaguers serve as advisory board members of the All Me League.

Hooton travels to all 30 Major League ballparks every year and works with PBATS — The Professional Baseball Athletic Trainers Society — to promote healthy lifestyles for young people. For years, PBATS has sponsored a community outreach program called PLAY (Promoting a Lifetime of Activity for Youth), which includes on-field clinics with athletic trainers and current Major League players. In more recent years, the Taylor Hooton Foundation has become a partner of that program.

The foundation also has an in-school presence, through its All Me assembly programs that takes them to middle schools, high schools and colleges.

“It’s because of Major League Baseball that we’ve been able to grow, that we’ve been able to affect 2 million lives throughout education programs and awareness outreach,” Hooton said. “To see us get another 38 current Major League Baseball players behind the message we’re trying to get out to young people is extremely powerful.

“And then you have a guy like Fred McGriff that reaches out and says, ‘I’d like to be a part of this, too.’ It’s hard to believe we’ve come this far, but I think we’ve just barely scratched the surface with how many people need to be reached.”

Alyson Footer is a reporter for MLB.com. Follow her on Twitter @alysonfooter.


Major Japanese Newspaper Tells Taylor’s Story

The sports reporter that traveled to North Texas from Tokyo tells us that anabolic steroid use is also a growing problem among Japan’s youth!























MyNicNaxs, LLC Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of Various Dietary Supplements Due to Undeclared Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API)

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MyNicNaxs, LLC, Deltona, FL is voluntarily recalling all lots of dietary supplements distributed nationwide to the consumer level. The products have been found to contain undeclared active pharmaceutical ingredients (API)The presence of Sildenafil, Sibutramine, Diclofenac and/or Phenolphthalein in the dietary supplements renders it an unapproved drug for which safety and efficacy have not been established and, therefore, subject to recall. These products were distributed from January 2013, to December 2017, though our website http://www.mynicnaxs.com. The undeclared drug ingredients found in these products may pose serious health risks because consumers with underlying medical issues may take them without knowing that they can cause serious harm or interact in dangerous ways with other drugs they may be taking. API found in FDA samples include the following:

Sibutramine is the active pharmaceutical ingredient in Meridia, a new drug approved by FDA for marketing in 1997 for prescription treatment of obesity and, subsequently, withdrawn from the U.S. market on December 21, 2010, after clinical data indicated Sibutramine poses an increased risk of heart attack and stroke.

Phenolphthalein is a known carcinogen (cancer causing agent) that was once an ingredient used in over-the-counter laxatives but is no longer approved for marketing in the United States.

Sildenafil is the active pharmaceutical ingredient in Viagra (PDE-5 inhibitor), a drug approved by FDA for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. PDE-5 inhibitors may interact with nitrates found in some prescription drugs (such as nitroglycerin) and can lower blood pressure to dangerous levels. Consumers with diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or heart disease often take nitrates.

Diclofenac is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) found in FDA-approved drugs that are used to treat pain and inflammation associated with several conditions. NSAIDs could lead to serious gastrointestinal (GI) adverse events such as bleeding, ulceration, and fatal perforation of the stomach and intestines. Patients who are already taking medication that could cause bleeding may increase their risk for bleeding significantly.

Products listed below are being voluntarily recalled due to undeclared active pharmaceutical ingredients. The products can be identified by referring to the table below:

Product Description API Found in FDA Lab Results
Platinum Maximum Strength Blue Pill Version; 
30 capsules; 500mg each
Sibutramine and Phenolphthalein
Platinum Maximum Strength Blue Pill Version; 
30 capsules; 500mg each
Sibutramine and Phenolphthalein
Slimming Plus Advanced Weight Loss; 30 
capsules; 500mg each
Sibutramine and Phenolphthalein
African Viagra – sexual performance
enhancement product; 4500mg x 2
GINSENG – sexual performance enhancement 
product; 300mg/tablet x 10 tablets
African Superman – sexual performance 
enhancement product; 2900mg x 8 tablets per 
blister pack
Old Chinese – sexual performance enhancement 
product; 19800mg x 10 capsules
Lean Extreme Max; 30 capsules; 400mg each Sibutramine
X-treme Beauty Slim; 30 capsules; 350mg each Sibutramine
African Superman – Top-Class Permanence 
Tablet; 2900mg x 8 tablets
Slim Evolution – 100% Natural Ingredients; 30 
capsules; 350mg each
Meizitang Strong Version capsules packed in a
non-flexible clear bottle with a green screw-on
Magic Slim capsules packed in a non-flexible
white bottle with a white screw-on top
Slim Xtreme capsules packed in a non-flexible
white bottle with a white screw-on top
Meizi Evolution capsules were packed in a non-
flexible clear bottle with a blue screw-on top
SlimEasy Herbs capsules packed in blister
packaging and placed in a white box with black 
Hokkaido – capsules packed in blister packaging
in pink box with black labeling
Super Fat Burning Bomb capsules in blister
packs, packaged in a red box with black labeling
Sibutramine and Phenolphthalein
FRUTA Bio blister packs, packaged in a
yellow/green box with green labeling
Sibutramine and Phenolphthalein
JIANFEIJINDAN Activity Girl – blister packs,
packaged in a white/pink box with pink labeling
Reduce Weight FRUTA PLANTA blister packs,
packaged in a yellow/green box with green 
Fat Loss Slimming Beauty – 30 capsules in
blister packs packaged in yellow/black box -500
Sibutramine and Phenolphthalein
Fruta Planta -blister packs packaged in
yellow/green box with green labeling
Sibutramine and Phenolphthalein
Botanical Slimming – 100% Natural Soft gel; 30 soft gels; 650mg each packaged in a green bag with yellow and white lettering
Slim Body – Dietary Supplement;100% Herbal Slimming Formula; 30 capsules; 6x5x300mg blister packs, packaged in blue and red box

MyNicNaxs LLC, is notifying its distributors and customers by e-mail and is arranging for return of all recalled products. No reports of adverse events have been reported to date.

Consumers are advised to not consume and discontinue use of the products immediately. For any questions regarding this recall, contact Mike Banner by phone 407-791-3597 or Chevonne Torres 386-337-8142, Monday to Friday, 09:00am-5:00 pm, Eastern Time.

Consumers should contact their physician or healthcare provider if they have experienced any problems that may be related to taking or using this drug product.

Adverse reactions or quality problems experienced with the use of this product may be reported to the FDA’s MedWatch Adverse Event Reporting program either online, by regular mail or by fax.

• Complete and submit the report Onlinehttp://www.fda.gov/medwatch/report.htm
• Regular Mail or Fax: Download form http://www.fda.gov/MedWatch/getforms.htm or call 1-800-332-1088 to request a reporting form, then complete and return to the address on the pre-addressed form, or submit by fax to 1-800-FDA-0178

This recall is being conducted with the knowledge of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.


Public Notification: Dale Mas contains hidden drug ingredients

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[7-9-2018] The Food and Drug Administration is advising consumers not to purchase or use Dale Mas, a product promoted for sexual enhancement. This product was identified during an examination of international mail shipments.

 FDA laboratory analysis confirmed that Dale Mas contains sildenafil and tadalafil, the active ingredients in the FDA-approved prescription drugs Viagra and Cialis, respectively, used to treat erectile dysfunction. These undeclared ingredients may interact with nitrates found in some prescription drugs, such as nitroglycerin, and may lower blood pressure to dangerous levels. People with diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or heart disease often take nitrates.
Health care professionals and patients should report adverse events or side effects related to the use of this product to the FDA’s MedWatch Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program:
 Note: This notification is to inform the public of a growing trend of dietary supplements or conventional foods with hidden drugs and chemicals. These products are typically promoted for sexual enhancement, weight loss, and body building and are often represented as being “all natural.” FDA is unable to test and identify all products marketed as dietary supplements that have potentially harmful hidden ingredients. Consumers should exercise caution before purchasing any product in the above categories. 
Please refer to the links below for more information: